Commit a3112bc6 authored by julientaq's avatar julientaq

luminos style first update

parent ba950f6d
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section(data-type='chapter')
.running-chapter Running chapter
.running-part Running part
p introduction of Peru’s CCT program, Juntos, a World Bank–supported program intended to tackle the acute impacts of poverty.
p CCTs originated in Latin America, and today they are among the most evaluated social programs on the planet. The majority of evidence on CCT impacts comes from the Mexican program now called Progresa, which is one of the earliest, and now largest, CCTs. Regular evaluations were built into the program administration at the outset, and this set a significant precedent. Today, we have a robust body of evidence that policy makers draw on to maintain and expand existing programs and to support implementation of new initiatives. Most of the available evidence derives from quantitative research, especially experimental methods such as randomized control trials and quasi-experimental methods (e.g., regression discontinuity, propensity score matching, instrumental variable, and difference-in- differences; Lagarde et al. 2007; Leroy et al. 2009; Kabeer and Waddington 2015). This literature is largely concerned with measuring primary program objectives related to household consumption and the uptake of health and education services. While acknowledging some variation related to program design, the existing quantitative evidence tells us that CCTs are, overall, effective and efficient mechanisms for altering the health- and education-seeking behavior of poor households.
p For instance, regarding health and nutrition, we know that CCTs are effectiveat increasing utilization of health services (Gertler 2000; Attanasio et al. 2005; Levy and Ohls 2007; Galasso 2011) and increasing household food consumption (Hoddinott and Skoufias 2004; Angelucci and Attanasio 2009; Resende and Oliveira 2008; Handa et al. 2009). Where CCT programs have been implemented with the goal of reducing maternal mortality, they have effectively increased pregnant women’s use of health services, including antenatal care and in-facility births (Lim et al. 2010; Glassman et al. 2013). CCTs have been linked to a reduction in neonatal, infant, and child mortality and, in particular, deaths attributable to poverty-related causes such as malnutrition and diarrhea (Barham 2011; Rasella et al. 2013). CCTs have been shown to produce better growth outcomes in children (i.e., reduction in stunting; Gertler 2004; Fernald et al. 2010; Andersen et al. 2015; Kandpal et al. 2016) and improvement in children’s motor skills and cognitive development (Fernald et al. 2008). Both outcomes are likely related to uptake of health services and increased household consumption. CCTs have also been successfully deployed to increase vaccination rates for such diseases as tuberculosis, measles, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, and polio (Morris et al. 2004; Barham 2005; Barham and Maluccio 2009).
p Regarding the aim of building human capital through education, studies show that CCTs are effective at increasing school enrollment (Schultz 2004; Sadoulet et al. 2004; Behrman et al. 2005; Cardoso and Souza 2003; Dammert 2009; Attanasio et al. 2010). As is the case with health service usage, there is some variability related to gender, age, ethnicity, and location, but overall the evidence indicates a positive
//- section(data-type='chapter')
p We can now see these factors as limiting conditions with their own historical boundaries. They no longer shape our perception of Deren as forcefully as they once did. For filmmakers and scholars seeking new formal models, alternative approaches to issues of gender and identity, and distinctive experimental and ethnographic practices, Deren is once again a figure of considerable importance. (Catherine Russell’s Experimental Ethnography: The Work of Film in the Age of Video (Durham: Duke University Press, 1999) and the exhibition entitled Inverted Odysseys: Claude Cahun, Maya Deren, Cindy Sherman, published as a catalogue of the same name and edited by Shelley Rice (Cambridge: M.I.T. Press, 1999) are prime examples of the type of renewed interest in Deren that shifts the previous grounds of discussion significantly.
p It is possible to summarize some of the radical transformations that Maya Deren sought to inspire: (1) in film form, which for her possesses both an inviolate link to questions of ethics and responsibility and a fundamental obligation to reshape the realist elements comprising it in ways that alter or transfigure them; (2) in our understanding of techniques that work to modify our perception, sensibility, and self-conception in historically and culturally distinct ways (a position that has yet to be compared extensively to Walter Benjamin’s pronouncements on this topic); (3) in alternative film practices, for which her exemplary acts of self-promotion, distribution, and exhibition served as a vivid model; (4) in our understanding of the woman artist as a figure distinct from but in no wise less than the prevailing model of the male artist; and (5) in our regard for the self, or subject, with her efforts to understand hysteria, trance, and ritual as socially situated acts of collective association rather than as personal dysfunction. Each of these gestures went against the grain of dominant practices; each incurred resistance and misunderstanding. Each remains an emblem of Deren’s extraordinary willingness to transgress boundaries and reformulate their contours.The emotion of the person, or the emotion with which our attitude appropriately invests the person, is never lost or diminished, is always preserved entire, but is modified by the position assigned to the person in the eternal scheme, is coloured by the atmosphere of that person’s residence in one of the three worlds. About none of Dante’s character is there that ambiguity which affects Milton’s Lucifer. The damned preserve any degree of beauty or grandeur that ever rightly pertained to them, and this intensifies and also justifies their damnation.
p It is possible to summarize some of the radical transformations that Maya Deren sought to inspire: (1) in film form, which for her possesses both an inviolate link to questions of ethics and responsibility and a fundamental obligation to reshape the realist elements comprising it in ways that alter or transfigure them; (2) in our understanding of techniques that work to modify our perception, sensibility, and self-conception in historically and culturally distinct ways (a position that has yet to be compared extensively to Walter Benjamin’s pronouncements
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section.chapter(data-type='chapter' contenteditable="true")
hgroup
header
.cn 15
h1.ct Of the Bookshelf
p.cst
......
section.chapter(data-type='chapter' contenteditable="true")
hgroup
header
.cn 15
h1.ct Of the Bookshelf
p.cst
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section.chapter(data-type='chapter' contenteditable="true")
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.cn 15
h1.ct Of the Bookshelf
p.cst
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section.chapter(data-type='chapter' contenteditable="true")
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.cn 1
h1.ct Of the Bookshelf <br> Long title might look like
.running-chapter Of the Bookshelf
.cst
| A few of my own
p
......
section#aknowledgments.fm-body(data-type="fmBody")
.folio
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.dup Aknowledgments
header
.running-chapter Aknowledgments
h1.fmh Aknowledgments
p
| The germ from which this book grew was the Birkbeck Lectures in Ecclesiastical History, which I was invited to give in 2009 by the University of Cambridge, in conjunction with Trinity College. I was later invited to give the Bapsybanoo Marchioness
......
section.chapter(data-type='chapter')
//- p.ch-start beginning
//- .folio
hgroup
header
h1.ct History, Culture And The&nbsp;Comparative&nbsp;Method
.cst
| A West African Puzzle
a#fnref18.footnoteRef(href='#fn18')
sup 18
.running-chapter History, Culture And The&nbsp;Comparative&nbsp;Method
p
| At the most general level, comparison is not a special method, or in any way unique to anthropology. Comparison is implicit in any method of deriving understanding through
em explanation,
......
section#chap-10.chapter(data-type='chapter')
hgroup
.dup Pentecostalism And Salafism: Mirror-images?
header
.running-chapter Pentecostalism And Salafism: Mirror-images?
h1.ct Pentecostalism And Salafism: Mirror-images?
h2 I
p
......
section#chap-11.chapter(data-type='chapter')
hgroup
.dup The Three Circles Of Yoruba Religion
header
.running-chapter The Three Circles Of Yoruba Religion
h1.ct The Three Circles Of Yoruba Religion
p
| Once in 2008 I was flying back from East Africa and had to take a night&apos;s stopover in Addis Ababa. The driver sent to collect me spoke such good English that I asked him if he had spent time outside Ethiopia, thinking he might have been a student in the United States or Britain. He replied that he had been to Lagos, where the headquarters of his church was. This turned out to be Winners&apos; Chapel, led by the charismatic Bishop David Oyedepo. Two years later I came across Oyedepo&apos;s confidently smiling features on a weather-faded poster in a small town in the interior of western Liberia, advertising a &quot;power summit&quot; at his church&apos;s national headquarters in Monrovia. The Yoruba have exported their brand of neo-Pentecostalism all over sub-Saharan Africa, especially to major cities like Nairobi and Johannesburg. And to Europe too, whether to serve mainly their own diaspora or to light the Pentecostal fire in a native white population (as with the Embassy of God in Ukraine). In the New World, the picture is more complicated since &quot;Yoruba religion&quot; takes two forms: the
......
section#chap-2.chapter(data-type='chapter')
p.ch-start beginning
.folio
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.dup Two Pastors And Their Histories
header
.running-chapter Two Pastors And Their Histories
h1#chap2bis.ct
| Two Pastors And Their Histories
br
......@@ -30,7 +30,7 @@ section#chap-2.chapter(data-type='chapter')
|). Both books were completed in the 1890s, and stand as two great monuments, towering over lesser literary efforts like the steeples of the Anglican and the Presbyterian churches in a small Ulster town. They invite comparison with one another, but they are much less alike than seems at first glance &mdash; and hardly anyone is equally familiar with the interior of both edifices. While my knowledge of Johnson and his background is perhaps as thorough as anyone&rsquo;s, what I know of Reindorf&apos;s work rests on little more than a good day&apos;s reading of
em HGCA
| . So this comparison is asymmetrical, with Reindorf mainly used as a foil to Johnson.
.dup Two Pastors And Their Histories
.running-chapter Two Pastors And Their Histories
p
| Now there are two ways in which we might want to evaluate or assess the work of past historians. The first comes readily to those who work on the same region and period as the historian in question: it focuses on the relationship between the historian and his sources, and examines where he got his information, how reliable it was and what he did with it. The second is more external, and is less directly concerned with the quest for historical knowledge (at least according to a correspondence theory of truth). Indeed, it is likely to come with a reserve towards historical positivism, as with most literary approaches to historical texts. A supreme example of this is the work of the critic Hayden White, who gives precedence to form over content, to a history&apos;s emplotment or narrative structure over its treatment of source material, and to its related &quot;ideological implications&quot;.
a#fnref108.footnoteRef(href='#fn108')
......
section#chap-3.chapter(data-type='chapter')
p.ch-start beginning
.folio
hgroup
.dup Ogun In Pre-colonial Yorubaland
header
.running-chapter Ogun In Pre-colonial Yorubaland
h1.ct
| Ogun In Pre-colonial Yorubaland: A Comparative Analysis
a#fnref145.footnoteRef(href='#fn145')
......
section#chap-4.chapter(data-type='chapter')
p.ch-start beginning
.folio
hgroup
.dup DIVERGENT MODES OF RELIGIOSITY
header
.running-chapter DIVERGENT MODES OF RELIGIOSITY
h1#lol.ct
| Divergent Modes Of Religiosity In West Africa
a#fnref241.footnoteRef(href='#fn241')
......
section#chap-5.chapter(data-type='chapter')
p.ch-start beginning
.folio
hgroup
.dup Post-socialism, Post-colonialism, Pentecostalism
header
.running-chapter Post-socialism, Post-colonialism, Pentecostalism
h1.ct
| Post-socialism, Post-colonialism, Pentecostalism
a#fnref281.footnoteRef(href='#fn281')
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section#chap-6.chapter(data-type='chapter')
p.ch-start beginning
.folio
hgroup
.dup CONTEXT, TRADITION
header
.running-chapter CONTEXT, TRADITION
h1.ct Context, Tradition And The Anthropology Of World Religions
p
| The world religions present social anthropology with a serious challenge. It came to them relatively late, but with a body of theory and method honed on the analysis of primitive or tribal religions. The larger project by which the classic monographs were framed was in one sense paradoxical: it was to use materials from societies few of which had so much as a concept of religion to develop theories about what &ldquo;religion&rdquo; (or else &ldquo;ritual&rdquo;) was in general. But now we have to move from a large number of small religions, to a small number of very large ones; from religions which have no awareness of themselves as such, to religions which are highly self-conscious of themselves and of their boundaries; from religions which had to be treated as having no time-depth to ones which not only are &ldquo;the longest lasting of civilization&rsquo;s primary institutions&rdquo;
......
section#chap-7.chapter(data-type='chapter')
p.ch-start beginning
.folio
hgroup
.dup CONVERSION AND COMMUNITY
header
.running-chapter CONVERSION AND COMMUNITY
h1.ct Conversion And Community In Yorubaland
p
| The Yoruba have a sense of themselves as being exceptionally tolerant of religious difference &mdash; and now particularly as having harmonious relations between Islam and Christianity. Let me illustrate the point through two vignettes from field research in Ibadan in 2009:
......
section.chapter(data-type='chapter')
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.folio
hgroup
.dup Yoruba Ethnogenesis
header
.running-chapter Yoruba Ethnogenesis
h1#chap-8.ct Yoruba Ethnogenesis And The Trajectory Of Islam
p
| There has been a reciprocal and long-sustained relationship between &ldquo;the making of the Yoruba&rdquo; and the efforts of the world religions to plant themselves at home in Yoruba society. For more than a century, Christianity has been at the forefront of this, through the CMS adoption of &quot;Yoruba&quot; as an ethnic designation and the creation of a &ldquo;Standard Yoruba&rdquo; form of language for use in church and school, which became the main vehicle for the modern Yoruba identity. Both culturally and politically, Yoruba ethnogenesis has had its high moments, of which the most notable were the efflorescence of cultural nationalism in the 1890s
......
section#chap-9.chapter(data-type='chapter')
p.ch-start the beginning
.folio
hgroup
.dup A Century Of Interplay
header
.running-chapter A Century Of Interplay
h1.ct
| A Century Of Interplay Between Islam And Christianity
a#fnref539.footnoteRef(href='#fn539')
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section.copyright(data-type="copyright")
//- .right
.cp
p University of California Press, one of the most distinguished university presses in the United States, enriches lives around the world by advancing scholarship in the humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences. Its activities are supported by the UC Press Foundation and by philanthropic contributions from individuals and institutions. For more information, visit www.ucpress.edu.
p University of California Press
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section.ded(data-type='dedication')
section.dedication(data-type='dedication')
p For Anne
p and for my grandchildren
p Josie, James, Jonny, Lizzie, Hannah…
section.half-title(data-type='half-title')
h1.ht
p.ht
| Christianity, Islam
br
| and
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section#introduction.fm-body(data-type='fmBody')
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h1.fmh Introduction
.dup Introduction
.running-chapter Introduction
p
| In May 2013 a young man called Michael Adebolajo, London-born and of Christian Yoruba background, hacked a soldier to death with a cleaver, in broad daylight, outside the military barracks in Woolwich, south-east London. He did this in the
| name of Islam, to which religion he had converted some years before. When he was charged in court a week later, he brandished a Koran and shouted &ldquo;
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h1#part1.pt Part I
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h1#part2.pt Part II
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section.subvention(data-type="subvention")
p Luminos is the open access monograph publishing program from UC Press. Luminos provides a framework for preserving and reinvigorating monograph publishing for the future and increases the reach and visibility of important scholarly work. Titles published in the UC Press Luminos model are published with the same high standards for selection, peer review, production, and marketing as those in our traditional program.
p.sv Luminos is the open access monograph publishing program from UC Press. Luminos provides a framework for preserving and reinvigorating monograph publishing for the future and increases the reach and visibility of important scholarly work. Titles published in the UC Press Luminos model are published with the same high standards for selection, peer review, production, and marketing as those in our traditional program.
a(href="www.luminosoa.org") www.luminosoa.org
section.titlepage(data-type="titlepage")
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h1.ti Christianity, Islam
br
| and <em>Orisa</em> Religion</h1>
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h1.fmh Contents
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a(href='#aknowledgments') Acknowledgements
a(href='#aknowledgments') Preface
li.c-one
p
a(href='#introduction') Introduction
......
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